The Pacific blue-tailed skink (Emoia caeruleocauda) is a 6” long, diurnal, semiarboreal lizard native to the eastern half of the Indonesian islands. They prefer tropical forests for habitat, spending time both on the ground and in the trees.
Pacific blue-tailed skinks have slender bodies with a tapered head, brown eyes with round pupils, glossy scales, and long toes. They are best known for their distinctive appearance: brown-black base color, pale underside, golden pinstriping, and a blue tail with black stripes. However, their coloring fades with time, and older individuals turn uniform brown which may or may not have stripes.
Pacific blue-tailed skinks are intermediate-level reptiles that can make lively, entertaining pets when kept properly. Lifespan is not known.
Minimum terrarium size for Pacific blue-tailed skinks
The absolute minimum terrarium size for a single Pacific blue-tailed skink is 18”L x 18”W x 24”H. Of course, larger is always better! These skinks like being up high and having plenty of vertical space.
Housing multiple Pacific blue-tailed skinks in the same terrarium is not required for their wellbeing, but if you wish to keep a group of them, they generally get along well. Up to three skinks can be housed in the abovementioned setup. However, do not house males and females together unless you plan to breed, and do not house multiple males together.
Do Pacific blue-tailed skinks need UVB?
Yes! Pacific blue-tailed skinks require UVB lighting for their survival. UVB lighting helps provide a clear day/night cycle, provides all of the vitamin D that your pet needs, strengthens the immune system, facilitates better digestion, and other benefits.
The best UVB bulbs for Pacific blue-tailed skinks are:
- Zoo Med Compact Coil Reptisun 10.0, 26w — 5” above basking branch
- Zoo Med T8 Reptisun 10.0, 18” — 5” above basking branch
For best results, house the UVB bulbs in a horizontal, reflective fixture. UVB is blocked by glass and plastic, so placing the terrarium in front of a window doesn’t count as “free UVB” — in fact it can make your terrarium too hot due to the greenhouse effect. Don’t forget to replace your bulb every 6 months!
Pacific blue-tailed skinks are also likely to benefit from plant grow lights as part of their environment as well. Add a ~6500K LED or T5 HO fluorescent grow lamp to provide extra illumination, as well as help any live plants in the terrarium to thrive.
Lights should be on for 12 hours/day.
Best temperature for Pacific blue-tailed skinks
Pacific blue-tailed skinks should have a basking temperature of around 95°F, as measured by a digital probe thermometer with the probe placed on the basking surface. In order to allow for proper thermoregulation, the enclosure should also have a cool area that stays between 75-85°F. Nighttime temps can drop as low as 68°F.
Provide heat for your skink with a low-wattage incandescent heat bulb in a horizontal fixture. Heat bulbs are the best way to imitate the warmth of sunlight indoors, and considered to be a superior form of reptile heating by experts. Do not use ceramic heat emitters (CHEs), red bulbs, or blue bulbs, as these are not as effective.
Heat sources should be turned off at night.
Best humidity levels for Pacific blue-tailed skinks
Pacific blue-tailed skinks are a tropical species, so the humidity inside their enclosure should be fairly high: an average of 60-80% during the day, and up to 100% at night. Humidity should be measured via digital probe hygrometer, with the probe placed in the middle of the terrarium.
Increase humidity by misting your skink’s enclosure 1-2x/day with a spray bottle. Mist first thing in the morning and then again at night if needed. Aside from raising humidity, this also provides your pet with an important source of drinking water! If you need extra humidity help, use a cool mist fogger at night.
Best substrate for Pacific blue-tailed skinks
Providing a layer of naturalistic substrate (“bedding”) will help maintain correct humidity levels and also helps make your enclosure more attractive! We recommend the following substrates for Pacific blue-tailed skinks:
- Zoo Med Eco Earth
- Zoo Med ReptiSoil
- Exo Terra Plantation Soil
- Zilla Jungle Mix
Layering clean, chemical-free leaf litter on top of the substrate can also help with humidity.
Substrate should be at least 2” deep and completely replaced every 3-4 months. Remove poop and urates daily, along with contaminated substrate.
How to decorate a Pacific blue-tailed skink terrarium
An empty terrarium makes for a bored skink, reducing its quality of life. Keep your pet entertained and engaged with its environment with the strategic use of décor items that encourage it to exercise natural behaviors!
Since Pacific blue-tailed skinks are semiarboreal, at bare minimum you will need a branch for your skink to climb and bask on and some live or artificial foliage for it to hide in. However, it’s best to include other items, such as:
What to feed to a Pacific blue-tailed skink
Pacific blue-tailed skink are insectivores, which means that they need to get the majority of their nutrition from insects. Juveniles should be fed daily, while adults can be fed every other day. Offer as many insects as the skink will eat in a ~5 minute period. For best results, offer as wide of a variety of prey as possible.
You will also need calcium and vitamin supplements to help keep your skink healthy. We recommend Repashy Calcium Plus LoD, lightly dusted on all feeder insects. It’s okay to occasionally skip a dusting.
How to handle your Pacific blue-tailed skink
Reptiles generally don’t appreciate petting and handling in the same way that dogs and cats do. Pacific blue-tailed skinks are one of the types of reptiles that are best to leave alone rather than attempt to handle regularly. If you want to interact with your pet, try hand-feeding it with a pair of feeding tweezers.
*This care sheet contains only very basic information. Although it’s a good introduction, please further your research with high-quality sources. The more you know, the better you will be able to care for your pet!
"File:Emoia caeruleocauda - Manado.JPG" by Ariefrahman is licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0.